It’s not uncommon in some sport or race for the favorite to lose the competition. The one that everyone thought would arrive first, for some reason fails to live up to the expectations. So it was with Israel. The people had so many advantages, but in the end wound up outside the kingdom of God.
To them belong the patriarchs, and from them, by human descent, came the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever! Amen.
Romans 9:5 NET
The rejection of Israel is sadder still because the people were rejecting God himself in the person of Christ. He arose in the midst of the people, according to God’s will, for the world’s redemption, “but his own people did not receive him” (John 1:11). The Lord’s people turned their backs upon God-with-us!
In Romans 9-11, Paul shows that God’s word was still fulfilled, even in the face of Israel’s rejection. To demonstrate this, he cites Scripture liberally, so that 40% of the 90 verses are citations. A key word is “remnant” (verse 27). He makes it a point to show that the selection of the people was never on a purely physical basis. The divine promise did not fail. On the contrary, it came to pass according to God’s plan.
Israel had so many advantages, which the most of them threw away because they preferred to follow their own ideas.
Will it be different today with the church?